The ENEA Station for Climate Observations on the island of Lampedusa is a research facility in the Mediterranean dedicated to measurements of climatic parameters. Lampedusa is an integrated atmospheric/oceanic observatory composed by two sections:
  • a ground-based Atmospheric Observatory (35.52°N, 12.63°E) dedicated to the investigation of changes in atmospheric composition and structure, and their effects on the surface radiation.
    This laboratory has been operational since 1997;
  • an open sea Oceanographic Observatory (35.49°N, 12.47°E), which is an instrumented buoy dedicated to the investigation of air-sea interactions and to ground-truth of satellite observations.
    The buoy was installed in August 2015.
Aerial photo

The ground-based laboratory along the Lampedusa North-Eastern coast, close to the Capo Grecale lighthouse.

The Lampedusa oceanic buoy, about 3.3 miles South West of Lampedusa (in the background).

Lampedusa is included in the World Meteorological Organization Global Atmosphere Watch Regional network, anc contributes to several Italian and international Networks dedicated to climate.

Time series of monthly means of several atmospheric parameters measured at Lampedusa (adapted from Ciardini et al., 2016).